Acid erosion, also known as dental erosion, is the irreversible loss of tooth structure due to chemical dissolution by acids not of bacterial origin. Dental erosion is common both in children and adults.
There is ignorance of the damaging effects of acid erosion. Particularly with erosion due to
fruit juices, and electrolyte replenishment drinks because they tend to be seen as healthy.
Erosion is found initially in the enamel and, if unchecked, may proceed to the underlying dentine.
The most common cause of erosion is by acidic foods and drinks, and gastric reflux.
Fruit juices such as orange juice (which contain citric acid) and carbonated drinks such as colas. Diet versions are not any better.
Sadly, wine has been shown to erode teeth, with the pH of wine as low as 3.0 – 3.8.